Case in the spotlight 6 answer
A nurse hands you this ECG. The patient had a syncopal episode and is now feeling back to normal. The syncopal episode was sudden onset at rest without any prodrome or chest pain. Past history of cardiac failure, takes “some fluids for the water and the heart”, (when he remembers to take them), and he lives with his wife.
Describe the ECG
What is the differential diagnosis and what will you do?
This ECG demonstrates trifascicular block
Right bundle branch block
Left axis deviation
First degree heart block
Consider this approach: the best time to check the axis is when you find a right bundle branch block.
In fact every time you see a RBBB, it is fairly easy to check for
• first degree heart block [PR > 200msec , five small squares]
• left axis deviation
Assessment and management
Cardiac monitored bay and IV access
Referral to cardiology team
Consider pacemaker in any patient with trifascicular block and syncope